Tuesday, February 7, 2012

2009 State of the Environment Report -- India Ministry of Environment and Forests

This State of the Environment Report (SoE) from the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India, for 2009 (latest) "serves as a baseline document and assists in logical and information-based decision-making. The SoE Report aims to provide policy guidelines and strategies for resource allocation for the coming decades, based on analysis of the state and trends of the environment and provide guidance for national environmental action planning.

from the Executive Summary:
"The State of the Environment Report for India covers the state and trends of the environment (land, air, water, biodiversity) and five key issues - (1) Climate Change, (2) Food Security, (3) Water Security, (4) Energy Security, and (5) Managing Urbanization.

Land degradation is taking place through natural and man-made processes, resulting in the loss of invaluable
nutrients and lower food grain production. Loss of biodiversity is great concern since many plant and animal species are being threatened. Air quality in cities is deteriorating due to vehicular growth and a sharp increase in air pollution related diseases. The issue of availability of water, which is going to be one of the
critical problems in the coming decades, needs to be addressed on priority basis. Generation of large quantity of hazardous waste from industries, along with the hospital waste has been affecting public health and environment. Climate change and energy security are major concerns which need to be addressed
strategically. The SoE Report of India on environmental issues has been prepared, following the PSIR (Pressure-State-Impact-Response) framework.

The report provides an insight on various priority issues for India related to the current status of environment and natural resources, the pressures behind environmental changes and the impact associated with these changes. The report also assesses the Government's current and proposed policy initiatives or
programmes as a response to check and monitor further degradation of environment and also suggests policy options."

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