Thursday, December 22, 2011

Council Revises 2012 Harvest Limits - Recommends Liberalization of Recreational Management Measures -- Mid Atlantic Fisheries Council

The Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council met jointly with the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries
Commission’s Summer Flounder, Scup, and Black Sea Bass Board last week in Williamsburg, VA to set catch and harvest limits for summer flounder and scup. Although the Council had set limits for the 2012 fishing year in

August, the Council received updated stock assessments in October that indicated the previous recommendations for summer flounder and scup were too high. They also recommended recreational management measures for summer flounder, scup, and black sea bass for 2012.

2011 Revised Long-Term Watershed Protection Program -- NYC DEP

This report dated December 2011 presents New York City’s Revised Long-Term Watershed Protection Program (the Program), submitted to the New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) for continuation of the 2007-2017 filtration waiver for the Catskill/Delaware Systems. Unlike previous Filtration  Avoidance Determinations (FADs), the current FAD covers a full 10-year period and calls for a midterm assessment of the City’s programs and commitments in 2011, leading to the submission
of this Revised Long-Term Watershed Protection Program for the Second Five-Year Period, covering
the period 2012-2017.

Water for the Future: The Delaware Aqueduct Rondout-West Branch Tunnel Repair -- NYC DEP

The New York City Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) is proposing the Water for
program) to address the known leaks in the Rondout-West Branch Tunnel (RWBT), a section of
the Delaware Aqueduct that currently conveys more than 50 percent of the daily drinking water
for New York City and is the primary source of water for residents and businesses of the Towns
of Newburgh and Marlborough.

While DEP acknowledges that there are some unmitigated temporary significant adverse impacts
as part of Project 1, without the Water for the Future Program, the RWBT would continue to leak
in both the Roseton and Wawarsing areas, and additional leaks along the RWBT could occur.
With the proposed program in place, DEP would be able meet its mandate to provide safe and
reliable transmission of drinking water from the watershed in sufficient quantity to consumers to
meet all current and future water demands.

DEP encourages the public to comment on this EIS. Public hearings are as follows:

Monday, January 23, 2012
Town of Newburgh Town Hall
1496 Route 300, Newburgh, NY 12550
7:00 – 9:00 PM
(snow date Monday, January 30, 2012)

Tuesday, January 24, 2012
Wappingers Junior High School
30 Major McDonald Way
Wappingers Falls, NY 12590
7:00 – 9:00 PM
(snow date Tuesday, January 31, 2012)

Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Wawarsing Town Hall
108 Canal Street, Ellenville, NY 12428
6:00 – 9:00 PM.
(snow date Wednesday, February 1, 2012)

Tuesday, December 20, 2011

Recent Law Review Articles -- Late December 2011


Driesen, David M. Two cheers for feasible regulation: a modest response to Masur and Posner. 35 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 313-341 (2011).

Kim, James. Comment. For a good cause: reforming the good cause exception to notice and comment rulemaking under the Administrative Procedure Act. 18 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 1045-1083 (2011).

Sielen, Alan B. Time for a Department of the Environment. 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 435-471 (2011).

Wilensky, Meredith. Note. The tailoring rule: exemplifying the vital role of regulatory agencies in environmental protection. 38 Ecology L.Q. 449-477 (2011).

Griset, Todd J. Harnessing the ocean’s power: opportunities in renewable ocean energy resources. 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 395-434 (2011).

Iannacone, Stephen. Comment. Felony animal cruelty laws in New York. 31 Pace L. Rev. 748-770 (2011).

Murphy, Colleen. Casenote. Are humans animals?: patent claim construction in ... (Marteck Biosciences Corp. v. Nutrinova, Inc., 579 F.3d 1363, 2009.) 79 U. Cin. L. Rev. 1213-1237 (2011).

Perdue, Abigail Lauren. When bad things happen to good laws: the rise, fall, and future of Section 48. 18 Va. J. Soc. Pol’y & L. 469-548 (2011).

Roth, Bradley L. Note. A call for mediated solutions to Arctic region disputes. 19 Cardozo J. Int’l & Comp. L. 851-898 (2011).

Nylen, Nell Green. Note. To achieve biodiversity goals, the new Forest Service planning rule needs effective mandates for best available science and adaptive management. (Native Ecosystems Council v. Tidwell, 599 F.3d 926, 2010.) 38 Ecology L.Q. 241-291 (2011).

Ben-David, Michelle. Defining international environmental law. (Reviewing Daniel Bodansky, The Art and Craft of International Environmental Law.) 38 Ecology L.Q. 553-561 (2011).

Mandel, Daniel. Boldly precautionary: Douglas Kysar’s Regulating from Nowhere. (Reviewing Douglas Kysar, Regulating from Nowhere: Environmental Law and the Search for Objectivity.) 38 Ecology L.Q. 563-570 (2011).

McLaughlin, Richard J. Book review. (Reviewing Richard Burroughs, Coastal Governance.) 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 539-550 (2011).

Ruppert, Thomas. Tools in the resilience toolbox, but are we willing to use them? (Reviewing Timothy Beatley, Planning for Coastal Resilience: Best Practices for Calamitous Times.) 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 551-560 (2011).

Wyman, Julia B. Death of Venice? (Reviewing Orrin H. Pilkey and Rob Young, The Rising Sea.) 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 561-563 (2011).

McCartt, Toby A. Student chapter. Intervention by non-settling PRPs in CERCLA actions. 41 Envtl. L. 957-985 (2011).

Waldron, Maya. Note. A proposal to balance polluter and community intervention in CERCLA litigation. (United States v. Aerojet Gen. Corp., 606 F.3d 1142, 2010.) 38 Ecology L.Q. 401-426 (2011).

China’s Green Outbound Direct Investment Profile. Mitchell Silk, Rebecca Perkins, Henry Levine and Andrew Worden, discussants. 19 Cardozo J. Int’l & Comp. L. 561-591 (2011).

Rindner, Leah. Note. Forcing adaptation through the Rivers and Harbors Act. (United States v. Milner, 583 F.3d 1174, 2009.) 38 Ecology L.Q. 341-368 (2011).

Revesz, Richard L. and student Matthew R. Shahabian. Climate change and future generations. 84 S. Cal. L. Rev. 1097-1162 (2011).

Dixon, Michael P. Comment. Drawing lines in the disappearing sand: a re-evaluation of shoreline rights and regimes a quarter century after ... (Bell v. Town of Wells, 557 A.2d 168, 1989.) 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 481-537 (2011).

McQueeney, Megan. Note. Baseline in the sand: Communities for a Better Environment v. South Coast Air Quality Management District. (Cmtys. For a Better Env’t v. S. Coast Air Quality Mgmt. Dist., 226 P.3d 985, 2010.) 38 Ecology L.Q. 293-315 (2011).

Policicchio, Jared. Case comment. (Stop the Beach Renourishment, Inc. v. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, 130 S. Ct. 2592, 2010.) 35 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 541-554 (2011).

Rupert, Matthew. Note. Beach nourishment to the rescue: through an extensive regulatory review process, beach nourishment can restore and protect vital sea turtle nesting habitat. 19 Southeastern Envtl. L.J. 327-357 (2010/2011).

Aguilar, Daniel. Note. Groundwater reform in India: an equity and sustainability dilemma. 46 Tex. Int’l L.J. 623-653 (2011).

Furr, Kellie Ann. Note. Environmental degradation in the Mesopotamian Marshlands: a case study in legal deficiencies. 19 Southeastern Envtl. L.J. 271-325 (2010/2011).

Croft, Jason W. Going green: why companies are offering environmentally responsible technologies. 19 Southeastern Envtl. L.J. 97-117 (2010/2011).

Arensberg, Alex. Note. Are migratory birds extending environmental criminal liability? (United States v. Apollo Energies, Inc., 611 F.3d 679, 2010.) 38 Ecology L.Q. 427-448 (2011).

Barrett, Jane F. When business conduct turns violent: bringing BP, Massey, and other scofflaws to justice. 48 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 287-333 (2011).

Hudson, Blake. Commerce in the commons: a unified theory of natural capital regulation under the Commerce Clause. 35 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 375-431 (2011).

Ellinghausen, Don, Jr. Unnatural foundations: legal education’s ecologically-dismissive subtexts. 41 Envtl. L. 681-705 (2011).

Diamond, Michael. Note. ‘Energized’ negotiations: mediating disputes over the siting of interstate electric transmission lines. 26 Ohio St. J. on Disp. Resol. 217-269 (2011).

Brauer, Stephanie. Note. Arizona Cattle Growers’ pyrrhic victory for critical habitat. (Ariz. Cattle Growers’ Ass’n v. Salazar, 606 F.3d 1160, 2010.) 38 Ecology L.Q. 369-400 (2011).

Smith, K. Mollie. Abuse of the warranted but precluded designation: a real or imagined purgatory? 19 Southeastern Envtl. L.J. 119-152 (2010/2011).

Tzankova, Zdravka, Dena Vallano and Erika Zavaleta. Can the ESA address the threats of atmospheric nitrogen deposition? Insights from the case of the Bay Checkerspot Butterfly. 35 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 433-475 (2011).

Hofmeister, Brandon. Bridging the gap: using social psychology to design market interventions to overcome the energy efficiency gap in residential energy markets. 19 Southeastern Envtl. L.J. 1-95 (2010/2011).

Houser, Joshua J. Note. Supplying the light at the end of the tunnel: using state-level experience to develop federal-level renewable energy policy. 19 Southeastern Envtl. L.J. 153-172 (2010/2011).

Hill, Michael. Note. United States v. Fullmer and the Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act: “true threats” to advocacy. 61 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 981-1048 (2011).

Paben, Jeanne Marie Zokovitch. Approaches to environmental justice: a case study of one community’s victory. 20 S. Cal. Rev. L. & Soc. Just. 235-270 (2011).

DelCotto, Adrianne M. Introduction and Ninth Circuit Review Editor’s note. 41 Envtl. L. 807-811 (2011).

Thomas, Seth M., et al. 2009-2010 environmental law survey. 44 Ind. L. Rev. 1165-1205 (2011).

Peskoe, Ari. Student article. A challenge for federalism: achieving national goals in the electricity industry. 18 Mo. Envtl. L. & Pol’y Rev. 209-281 (2011).

Wiseman, Hannah. Expanding regional renewable governance. 35 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 477-540 (2011).

Michael, Kristin R. Note. What’s in a label? FIFRA regulations and the preemption of state tort claims of label misrepresentation. (Indian Brand Farms, Inc. v. Novartis Crop Protection, Inc., 617 F.3d 207, 2010.) 18 Mo. Envtl. L. & Pol’y Rev. 314-331 (2011).

McCrea-Strub, Ashley and Daniel Pauly. Oil and fisheries in the Gulf of Mexico. 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 473-480 (2011).

Lesicko, Christine K. Note. Attempting to (de)regulate genetically modified crops: the Supreme Court overrules the injunction denying deregulation of Roundup Ready Alfalfa. (Monsanto v. Geertson Seed Farms, 130 S. Ct. 2743, 2010.) 18 Mo. Envtl. L. & Pol’y Rev. 351-377 (2011).

Rivero Gilbert, Jesica. Assessing the risks and benefits of hydraulic fracturing. 18 Mo. Envtl. L. & Pol’y Rev. 169-208 (2011).

Blévin, Marie. The clean development mechanism and the poverty issue. 41 Envtl. L. 777-803 (2011).

Ibrahim, Abadir M. The Nile Basin Cooperative Framework Agreement: the beginning of the end of Egyptian hydro-political hegemony. 18 Mo. Envtl. L. & Pol’y Rev. 282-313 (2011).

Kazhdan, Daniel. Note. Precautionary pulp: Pulp Mills and the evolving dispute between international tribunals over the reach of the precautionary principle. (Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay), 2010, 38 Ecology L.Q. 527-552 (2011).

von Lehe, Art. Cities, climates and COPs. 19 Southeastern Envtl. L.J. 217-229 (2010/2011).

Bejesky, Robert. Geopolitics, oil law reform, and commodity market expectations. 63 Okla. L. Rev. 193-277 (2011).

Ramia, Stephanie. Note. Smart growth: the toolbox for addressing sprawling development in coastal South Carolina. 19 Southeastern Envtl. L.J. 173-215 (2010/2011).

Sawers, Brian. The right to exclude from unimproved land. 83 Temp. L. Rev. 665-696 (2011).

Richards, Rebecca K. Note. Deepwater oil rigs in the exclusive economic zone and the uncertainty of coastal state jurisdiction. 10 J. Int’l Bus. & L. 387-411 (2011).

Axtell, Sarah. Note. Reframing the judicial approach to injunctive relief for environmental plaintiffs in ... (Monsanto Co. v. Geertson Seed Farms, 130 S. Ct. 2743, 2010.) 38 Ecology L.Q. 317-340 (2011).

Strifling, David A. Environmental federalism and effective regulation of nanotechnology. 2010 Mich. St. L. Rev. 1129-1175.

Tisler, Tiffany N. Comment. Federal environmental law waivers and homeland security: assessing waiver application in homeland security settings at the southern border in comparison to national security settings involving the military. 42 U. Tol. L. Rev. 777-802 (2011).

Baehr-Jones, Vanessa and Christina Cheung. Student article. An exercise of sovereignty: attaining attainment for Indian tribes under the Clean Air Act. 34 Environs 189-230 (2011).

IACHR Report on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples’ Rights Over Their Ancestral Lands and Natural Resources: Norms and Jurisprudence of the Inter-American Human Rights System. Introduction by Taiawagi Helton; report by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. 35 Am. Indian L. Rev. 257-496 (2010-2011).

Midler, Aaron H. Note. The spirit of NAGPRA: the native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act and the regulation of culturally unidentifiable remains. 86 Chi.-Kent. L. Rev. 1331-1361 (2011).

Shutler, Nolan. Student chapter. Taking the bitter with the sweet: Wenatchi fishing rights. (United States v. Confederated Tribes of the Colville Indian Reservation, 606 F.3d 698, 2010.) 41 Envtl. L. 987-1026 (2011).

Annual Review of Environmental and Natural Resources Law. Foreword by Robert Infelise and Eric Biber; notes by Nell Green Nylen, Megan McQueeney, Sarah Axtell, Leah Rindner, Stephanie Brauer, Maya Waldron, Alex Arensberg, Meredith Wilensky, Emily Sangi and Daniel Kazhdan. 38 Ecology L.Q. 233-552 (2011).

Daigle, Melissa Trosclair. The value of a pelican: an overview of the Natural Resource Damage Assessment under federal and Louisiana law. 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 253-268 (2011).

Salter, Trevor. NEPA and renewable energy: realizing the most environmental benefit in the quickest time. 34 Environs 173-187 (2011).

Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill: Impacts, Responses, and Prevention. Introduction by Charles H. Norchi, articles by Melissa Trosclair Daigle, Andrew Hartsig, Nicholas J. Lund, Niki L. Pace, Russell V. Randle, Catherine Kilduff, Jaclyn Lopez, Todd J. Griset, Alan B. Sielen, Ashley McCrea-Strub and Daniel Pauly. 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 245-480 (2011).

Hartsig, Andrew. Shortcomings and solutions: reforming the Outer Continental Shelf oil and gas framework in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon disaster. 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 269-325 (2011).

Hoang, Yen P. Note. Assessing environmental damages after oil spill disasters: how courts should construe the rebuttable presumption under the Oil Pollution Act. 96 Cornell L. Rev. 1469-1501 (2011).

Kilduff, Catherine and Jaclyn Lopez. Dispersants: the lesser of two evils or a cure worse than the disease? 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 375-394 (2011).

Lund, Nicholas J. and Niki L. Pace. Deepwater Horizon natural resource damages assessment: where does the money go? 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 327-353 (2011).

Norchi, Charles H. Introduction: The Deepwater Horizon incident. 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 245-251 (2011).

Randle, Russell V. Spills of national significance and state nullification. 16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 355-374 (2011).

Shreve, Lewis Robert. Student article. Lessons from Exxon-Valdez: employing market forces to minimize the psychological impact on oil spill plaintiffs. 35 Law & Psychol. Rev. 239-255 (2011).

Scaief, Lindsay K. Comment. Upping the ante in the oil industry: why unlimited liability for oil companies will deal America a bad beat. 43 Tex. Tech. L. Rev. 1319-1353 (2011).

Appel, Peter A. Wilderness, the courts, and the effect of politics on judicial decisionmaking. 35 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 275-312 (2011).

Iguchi, Jamie. Student article. Improving the Improvement Act: climate change management in the National Wildlife Refuge System. 34 Environs 247-269 (2011).

Kilbert, Nathan. Case comment. (Howmet Corp. v. EPA, 614 F.3d 544, 2010.) 35 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 555-566 (2011).

Wiseman, Hannah. Expanding regional renewable governance. 35 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 477-540 (2011).

Brand, Anna Livia and Stephen D. Villavaso. Revisiting Palermo: the twentieth anniversary of Louisiana’s landmark land use rights and zoning decision and its legacy for planning in Louisiana. 57 Loy. L. Rev. 113-133 (2011).

Buckner, Kathryn M. Note. Protective tool or legal loophole? Examining the legal status of environmental covenants in South Carolina. 19 Southeastern Envtl. L.J. 231-269 (2010/2011).

Conley, John M. and Cynthia A. Williams. Global banks as global sustainability regulators?: the Equator Principles. 33 Law & Pol’y 542-575 (2011).

Meystedt, Rachel S. Note. Stop the Beach Renourishment: why judicial takings may have meant taking a little too much. (Stop the Beach Renourishment, Inc. v. Fla. Dept. of Envtl. Prot., 130 S. Ct. 2592, 2010.) 18 Mo. Envtl. L. & Pol’y Rev. 378-396 (2011).

Birdsong, Bret C. Mapping the human right to water on the Colorado River. 48 Willamette L. Rev. 117-146 (2011).

Browning, Jordan. Student article. Unearthing subterranean water rights: the Environmental Law Foundation’s efforts to extend California’s public trust doctrine. 34 Environs 231-246 (2011).

Giles, Morgan. Comment. A call to action: expanding public access to Ohio’s navigable rivers and streams. 39 Cap. U. L. Rev. 993-1025 (2011).

Kalo, Joseph J. “It’s navigable in fact so I can fish in it”: the public right to use man-made, navigable-in-fact waters of coastal North Carolina. 89 N.C. L. Rev. 2095-2118 (2011).

Willamette University College of Law: Center for Sustainable Communities. Implementing the Human Right to Water in the West: Conference Report. 48 Willamette L. Rev. 1-115 (2011).

Drobot, Ann E. Transitioning to a sustainable energy economy: the call for national cooperative watershed planning. 41 Envtl. L. 707-775 (2011).

Kinsey, David N. The growth share approach to Mount Laurel housing obligations: origins, hijacking, and future. 63 Rutgers L. Rev. 867-878 (2011).

Kraham, Susan J. Right for a remedy: observations on the state constitutional underpinnings of the Mount Laurel doctrine. 63 Rutgers L. Rev. 835-848 (2011).

Mallach, Alan. The Mount Laurel doctrine and the uncertainties of social policy in a time of retrenchment. 63 Rutgers L. Rev. 849-866 (2011).

Schroetlin, Scott. Note. Hardship and the granting of zoning variances: a new test in light of ... (Rousseau v. Zoning Board of Appeals, 764 N.W.2d 130, 2009.) 89 Neb. L. Rev. 1171-1191 (2011).

Monday, December 19, 2011

Climate Change May Bring Big Ecosystem Changes - NASA

Climate Change May Bring Big Ecosystem Changes, a recent study by NASA and the California Institute of Technology finds that "By 2100, global climate change will modify plant communities covering almost half of Earth's land surface and will drive the conversion of nearly 40 percent of land-based ecosystems from one major ecological community type – such as forest, grassland or tundra – toward another, according to a new NASA and university computer modeling study."

Friday, December 16, 2011

Beyond 2012: Meeting the Nation's Environmental, Energy, and Resources Challenges -- ABA Webinar

Beyond 2012: Meeting the Nation’s Environmental, Energy and Resources Challenges

Date: Wednesday, January 18, 2012

Format: Live Webinar

Duration: 90 minutes


The American Bar Association Section of Environmental, Energy, and Resources and the ABA Center for Continuing Legal Education

10:30 AM-12:00 PM Eastern 9:30 AM-11:00 AM Central

8:30 AM-10:00 AM Mountain 7:30 AM-9:00 AM Pacific

Program DescriptionThis program will focus on law and policy challenges the nation is likely to face in mid-2013 in the environmental, energy, and resource areas, and possible approaches to address them. These challenges will exist regardless of who controls the White House and Congress at that time. For that reason, the speakers will concentrate on assisting lawyers and clients in anticipating and responding to critical issues without regard to the outcome of the 2012 election.

Many current controversies and dilemmas seem likely to persist, but the speakers, who have vast experience in their fields, will identify and comment on emerging topics as well. The program will include remarks by each speaker centered on his or her area of expertise, followed by a discussion among the speakers of topics on cross-cutting importance.

Wednesday, December 14, 2011

Loving the Least of These: Addressing a Changing Environment -- NAE

Loving the Least of These: Addressing a Changing Environment is a report by the National Association of Evangelicals on the impact of climate change on those who are least able to prepare for it.

From the afterword:
" In the biblical story of Joseph, the climate changed, and drought came.  The people of Egypt might have starved. But, as J. Matthew Sleeth, MD,  author of Serve God, Save the Planet: A Christian Call to Action, says, Joseph was wise and stored up crops for the years of hardship. Sleeth sees a clear parallel to today. “There was a climate crisis. The people obeyed.  They conserved, and lives were saved.” Today, Sleeth says, we need to plan ahead for what climate changes might bring.

Wealthy people and nations may be affected by changes to the climate, but we have resources to adapt. The poor do not. As followers of Jesus, committed to justice and compassion, we seek to understand the potential threats to the lives and well-being of poor and vulnerable people. We do not claim to know exactly what will happen as temperatures rise. But we can come alongside the poor and make it possible to adapt to rapid changes, and even by our own choices, to lessen the impacts of climate change.

Monday, December 12, 2011

Global temperature evolution 1979–2010 -- Environmental Research Letters

Global temperature evolution 1979–2010 -- This study from Environmental Research Letters (Volume 6, No. 4) finds "adjusted data show warming at very similar rates to the unadjusted data, with smaller probable errors, and the warming rate is steady over the whole time interval. In all adjusted series, the two hottest years are 2009 and 2010."

Revised Draft SGEIS on the Oil, Gas and Solution Mining Regulatory Program (September 2011) -- NYDEC

Revised Draft SGEIS on the Oil, Gas and Solution Mining Regulatory Program (September 2011) is the revised study that argues that whilethere are environmental risks with hydraulic fracturing, these risks can be managed and that the development of natural gas resources within New York State will have an overall posistive effect on the economy and environment.

Establishment of an Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action -- UN

Establishment of an Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action -- Conference of the Parties Seventeenth session Durban, 28 November to 9 December 2011

This agreement sets forth the continuation of the work of the Bali Action Plan developing a road map for future work.

Biofuel Economics in a Setting of Multiple Objectives & Unintended Consequences -- OSU

Biofuel Economics in a Setting of Multiple Objectives & Unintended Consequences a study by William Jaeger of Oregon State University argues:

From the abstract:
"This paper examines biofuels from an economic perspective and evaluates the merits of promoting biofuel production in the context of the policies’ multiple objectives, life-cycle implications, pecuniary externalities, and other unintended consequences. The policy goals most often cited are to reduce fossil fuel use and to lower greenhouse gas emissions. But the presence of multiple objectives and various indirect effects complicates normative evaluation.

To address some of these complicating factors, we look at a several combinations of policy alternatives that achieve the same set of incremental gains along the two primary targeted policy dimensions, making it possible to compare the costs and cost-effectiveness of each combination of policies. For example, when this approach is applied to U.S.-produced biofuels, they are found to be 14 to 31 times as costly as alternatives like raising the gas tax or promoting energy efficiency improvements.

The analysis also finds the scale of the potential contributions of biofuels to be extremely small in both the U.S. and EU. Mandated U.S. corn ethanol production for 2025 reduces U.S. petroleum input use by 1.75%, and would have negligible net effects on CO2 emissions; and although EU imports of Brazilian ethanol may look better given the high costs of other alternatives, this option is equivalent, at most, to a 1.20% reduction in EU gasoline consumption.

Renewable energy: Vision or mirage? -- Adam Smith Institute

Renewable energy: Vision or mirage? a report by the Adman Smith Institute of Great Britain, dated  December 12, 2011 argues:
"As renewable energy sources produce power intermittently, they cannot replace gas, coal and nuclear generation, even with further development.

Solar and wind energy have no prospect of becoming economically competitive in an unrigged market. Government intervention will lead to higher energy costs and jeopardize energy security.

Increased investment in wind turbines will do little to reduce carbon emissions and fossil fuel consumption."

Thursday, December 8, 2011

Protecting Our Chesapeake, Protecting Our National Parks -- NPCA

Protecting Our Chesapeake, Protecting Our National Parks is a report, dated November 17, 2011 by the Natinal Parks Conservation Association.

"The health of our national parks depends on the health of the landscapes that surround them; therefore, the parks around the Chesapeake face many of the same threats that the Chesapeake and its rivers face.
“Protecting Our Chesapeake, Protecting Our National Parks” explores two historical parks in the Chesapeake watershed, Colonial National Historical Park on the James and York rivers and Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine on the Patapsco River. It recounts what the rivers looked like before significant agricultural practices, oyster harvesting, and extensive human development. It recommends options to restore the Chesapeake Bay and their national parks to a highly productive ecosystem with cleaner water, fewer toxic contaminants, and more abundant aquatic and terrestrial life. Our national parks help us recognize what has been lost and so help us see what we have the opportunity to regain."

Made in America: Investing in National Parks for Our Heritage and Our Economy -- NPCA

Made in America: Investing in National Parks for Our Heritage and Our Economy is a report, dated November 2011, produced by the National Parks Conservation Association. 

"Yellowstone, Gettysburg, the Statue of Liberty and the Flight 93 Memorial are among the many national parks that we, as Americans, own together. Keeping this magnificent collection of places well-managed and open to everyone costs less than 1/13th of one percent of the federal budget— quite a bargain for a park system that inspires visitors from around the world and produces nearly 270,000 private sector jobs across the country.

Yet for the second year in a row, America’s national parks face an erosion of funding necessary to serve the public and protect park resources. And the overall appropriation for the National Park Service (NPS) is nearly $400 million (or 13%) less than it was 10 years ago. Not only will this mean fewer rangers to greet us, help us plan our visits, and respond to emergencies, but it also means that parks won’t be adequately maintained, resources will suffer damage, wildlife will be more vulnerable to poachers, and development threats will increase.

In FY 2011, funding for the National Park Service was reduced by nearly $140 million, including an $11.5 million reduction for operations. In tight budget times, it’s reasonable for the National Park Service to operate frugally. But thrifty operation isn’t enough to keep parks solvent: national parks today receive just 82 cents for every dollar they need to pay for the rangers who are fulfilling the experience of millions of annual visitors and protecting the parks’ treasures. And threats are mounting: according to the recently-enacted Budget Control Act of 2011, if Congress is unable to agree on a level of spending and revenue that reduces the budget, programs from defense to national parks will be subject to a budgetary sequester—which means national park budgets could be cut by as much as 9%.
As this report shows, cuts equal to or even half that amount would be disastrous for many national parks."

New Library Acquisitions -- December 2011

Handbook of sustainable energy / edited by Ibon Galarraga, Mikel González-Eguino, Anil Markandya

European climate and clean energy law and policy / Leonardo Massai

Investigation of the fisheries and fishing laws of Hawaii [electronic resource] : letter from the President of the United States, transmitting a communication from the Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries forwarding a preliminary report on an investigation of the fisheries and fishing laws of Hawaii, made in accordance with the provisions of an act of Congress approved April 30, 1900

Fire management in the American West : forest politics and the rise of megafires / Mark Hudson

Eco crime and genetically modified food / Reece Walters

Regulation of energy in international trade law : WTO, NAFTA, and Energy Charter / edited by Yulia Selivanova

The petroleum triangle : oil, globalization, and terror / Steve A. Yetiv

Making environmental law : the politics of protecting the Earth / Nancy E. Marion

Durban Adaptation Charter for Local Governments

Durban Adaptation Charter for Local Governments as adopted on the 4th December 2011 of the occasion of the "Durban Local Government Convention: adapting to a changing climate" - towards COP17/CMP7 and beyond - was adopted Dec. 4, 2011 by 114 city mayors from 28 countries around the world adopted the Durban Climate Change Adaptation Charter, underlining their commitment for strengthening local resilience to climate change. 

U.S. Statement at COP17

The U.S. Statement at COP17 remarks by Todd Stern, Special Envoy for Climate Change, Durban, South Africa, dated December 8, 2011.

Wednesday, December 7, 2011

Recent Law Review Articles -- December 2011

Aslanian, Len.  Student comment.  A rook or a pawn:  the White House science advisor in an age of climate confusion.  28 UCLA J. Envtl. L. & Pol’y 473-495 (2010).

Cooper, Aaron R.  Note.  Sidestepping Chevron:  reframing agency deference for an era of private governance.  99 Geo. L.J. 1431-1468 (2011).

Pollack, Michael C.  Note.  Chevron’s regrets:  the persistent vitality of the nondelegation doctrine.  86 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 316-350 (2011).

Blauser, Mary Beth.  Note.  The 2008 Farm Bill:  friend or foe to conservationists and what improvements are needed?  12 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 547-569 (2011).

Cronauer, C. Nicholas.  Note.  Flushing out the Illinois Livestock Management Facilities Act.  45 Val. U. L. Rev. 637-688 (2011).

Guercio, Lara D.  The struggle between man and nature—agriculture, nonpoint source pollution, and clean water:  how to implement the State of Vermont’s phosphorous TMDL within the Lake Champlain Basin.  12 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 455-545 (2011).

Newbold, Elizabeth.  Note.  Concentrated animal feeding operations and manure runoff:  supplementing current regulation with community based initiatives.  12 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 571-590 (2011).

Paulsen, Aurora.  Comment.  Welfare improvements for organic animals:  closing loopholes in the regulation of organic animal husbandry.  17 Animal L. 337-367 (2011).

Small, Slow, and Local:  Essays on Building a More Sustainable and Local Food System.  Essays by Mary Jane Angelo, Amelia Timbers, Matthew J. Walker, Joshua B. Donabedian, Devon Van Noble, Erik Phillips-Nania, Emily Parish and Jennifer L. Perez.  12 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 353-425 (2011).

Wender, Melanie J.  Comment.  Goodbye family farms and hello agribusiness:  the story of how agricultural policy is destroying the family farm and the environment.  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 141-167 (2011).

2010 Legislative Review.  Jennifer O’Brien, editor; Jenny Keatinge and Richard Myers, authors.  17 Animal L. 415-444 (2011).

Balzer, Kirsten S.  Casenote.  Bats and breezes take on federal policy:  the windy effects of ... (Animal Welfare Institute v. Beech Ridge Energy LLC, 675 F. Supp. 2d 540, 2009.)  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 225-257 (2011).

Lifshitz-Goldberg, Yael.  Student comment.  Gone with the wind?  The potential tragedy of the common wind.  28 UCLA J. Envtl. L. & Pol’y 435-471 (2010).

McElfish, James M., Jr. and Sara Gersen.  Local standards for wind power siting:  a look at model ordinances.  41 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10825-10839 (2011).

Endres, Jody M.  Agriculture at a crossroads:  energy biomass standards and a new sustainability paradigm?  2011 U. Ill. L. Rev. 503-547.

Khanna, Madhu, Xiaoguang Chen, Haixiao Huang and Hayri Önal.  Land use and greenhouse gas mitigation effects of biofuel policies.  2011 U. Ill. L. Rev. 549-588.

Zilberman, David, Gal Hochman and Deepak Rajagopal.  On the inclusion of indirect land use in biofuel regulations.  2011 U. Ill. L. Rev. 413-433.

Barghusen, Steve.  Noneconomic damage awards in veterinary malpractice:  using the human medical experience as a model to predict the effect of noneconomic damage awards on the practice of companion animal veterinary medicine.  17 Animal L. 13-57 (2010).

Eisen, Jessica.  Liberating animal law:  breaking free from human-use typologies.  17 Animal L. 59-76 (2010).

Gay, Sebastien.  Companion animal capital.  17 Animal L. 77-95 (2010).

Hutchison, Katherine.  Comment.  Should they go the way of the horse and buggy?  How the New York City horse-drawn carriage industry has survived thirty years of opposition.  17 Animal L. 171-196 (2010).

Lanza, Noreen.  Keeping the “live” in live animal air cargo transport.  76 J. Air L. & Com. 229-249 (2011).

Nowicki, Stacy A.  Comment.  On the lamb:  toward a national animal abuser registry.  17 Animal L. 197-242 (2010).

Sykes, Katie.  Human drama, animal trials:  what the medieval animal trials can teach us about justice for animals.  17 Animal L. 273-311 (2011).

Vesilind, Pamela A.  Continental drift:  agricultural trade and the widening gap between European Union and United States animal welfare laws.  12 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 223-254 (2011).

Wise, Steven M.  Legal personhood and the Nonhuman Rights Project.  17 Animal L. 1-11 (2010).

Brewster, Constance J.  Comment.  It’s not easy being green, a green building, that is:  how to avoid disputes and allocate risks in the modern green building movement.  30 Miss. C.L. Rev. 65-86 (2011).

Carlane, Cinnamon P.  Arctic dreams and geoengineering wishes:  the collateral damage of climate change.  49 Colum. J. Transnat’l L. 602-669 (2011).

Seligman, Jake.  Comment.  Electric vehicles and time-of-use rates:  the impending role of the New York State Public Service Commission in regulating our transportation future.  28 Pace Envtl. L. Rev. 568-590 (2011).

Nelson, Sharon L.  The connection between animal abuse and family violence:  a selected annotated bibliography.  17 Animal L. 369-414 (2011).

Murray, Lauren B.  Casenote.  For the birds:  judicial expansion of executive power in ...  (Fund for Animals v. Kempthorne, 538 F.3d 124, 2008.)  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 31-55 (2011).

Marks, Joel.  Live free or die:  On Their Own Terms:  Bringing Animal-Rights Philosophy Down to Earth by Lee Hall.  17 Animal L. 243-250 (2010).

Otts, Stephanie Showalter.  A review of Who Owns the Arctic?  (Reviewing Michael Byers, Who Owns the Arctic?)  16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 239-244 (2010).

Maro, Alexander.  Note.  Outsourcing the filth:  privatizing brownfield remediation in New Jersey.  38 B.C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev. 159-191 (2011).

Warren, Charles S. and Toni L. Finger.  Courts shed light on the application of CERCLA’s bona fide prospective purchaser defense.  41 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10790-10792 (2011).

McKinstry, Robert B., Jr.  The Clean Air Act:  a suitable tool for addressing the challenges of climate change.  41 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10301-10311 (2011).

Assessing Jurisdiction Under the New Clean Water Act Guidance.  Bruce Myers, moderator; Donna Downing, Jan Goldman-Carter, Lawrence R. “Larry” Liebesman and David B. Olson, panelists.  41 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10773-10789 (2011).

Connor, Hannah.  Comprehensive regulatory review:  concentrated animal feeding operations under the Clean Water Act from 1972 to the present.  12 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 275-326 (2011).

Frost, Carol D. and Jason M. Mailloux.  Establishing appropriate water quality numeric standards under the Clean Water Act:  lessons from a case study of coalbed methane produced water discharge to the Powder River, Wyoming and Montana.  11 Wyoming L. Rev. 1-23 (2011).

Henry, P. Ryan.  Casenote.  Muddying the waters:  United States v. Cundiff adds confusion and complexity to the ongoing debate over the scope of federal jurisdiction under the Clean Water Act.  (United States v. Cundiff, 555 F.3d 200, 2009.)  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 285-319 (2011).

Watson, Kory R.  Comment.  Fill material pollution under the Clean Water Act:  a need for legislative change.  35 S. Ill. U. L.J. 335-356. (2011).

Burleson, Elizabeth.  Energy revolution and disaster response in the face of climate change.  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 169-188 (2011).

Bronen, Robin.  Climate-induced community relocations:  creating an adaptive governance framework based in human rights doctrine.  35 N.Y.U. Rev. L. & Soc. Change 357-407 (2011).

Chepaitis, Daniel J. and Andrea K. Panagakis.  Individualism submerged:  climate change and the perils of an engineered environment.  28 UCLA J. Envtl. L. & Pol’y 291-342 (2010).

Hamilton, Neil D.  Farming an uncertain climate future:  what COP 15 means for agriculture.  2011 U. Ill. L. Rev. 341-359.

Karassin, Orr.  Mind the gap:  knowledge and need in regulating adaption to climate change.  22 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 383-437 (2010).

Lawson, Samantha.  Note.  The conundrum of climate change causation:  using market share liability to satisfy the identification requirement in ... (Native Village of Kivalina v. ExxonMobil Co., 663 F. Supp. 2d 863, 2009.)  22 Fordham Envtl. L. Rev. 433-492 (2011).

Learner, Howard A.  The Supreme Court’s AEP decision:  snatching climate change solutions victory from the jaws of defeat.  41 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10793-10795 (2011).

Peloso, Chris.  Crafting an international climate change protocol:  applying the lessons learned from the success of the Montreal Protocol and the ozone depletion problem.  25 J. Land Use & Envtl. L. 305-329 (2010).

Schiraldi, Michael.  Casenote.  Rising temperatures, political questions, and public nuisances:  the Second Circuit weighs in on the climate change debate in ... (Connecticut v. American Electric Power Co., 582 F.3d 309, 2009.)  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 321-356 (2011).

Delogu, Orlando E.  Friend of the court:  an array of arguments to urge reconsideration of the Moody Beach cases and expand public use rights in Maine’s intertidal zone.  16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 47-113 (2010).

Kibel, Paul Stanton.  The public trust navigates California’s Bay Delta.  51 Nat. Resources J. 35-93 (2011).

Islam, Aamina.  The Pakistan Supreme Court’s use of suo motu actions in environmental cases.  41 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10326-10333 (2011).

Al Moumin, Mishkat.  Transition to peace:  examining divergent approaches to enacting post-conflict  environmental laws in Afghanistan and El Salvador.  22 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 755-790 (2010).

Rosencranz, Armi,. Dilpreet Singh and Jahnavi G. Pai.  Climate change adaptation, policies and measures in India.  22 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 575-590 (2010).

Olmsted, James L.  The butterfly effect:  conservation easements, climate change, and invasive species.  38 B.C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev. 41-76 (2011).

Owley, Jessica.  Changing property in a changing world:  a call for the end of perpetual conservation easements.  30 Stan. Envtl. L.J. 121-173 (2011).

Bowen, Rachel.  Note.  Walking the talk:  the effectiveness of environmental commitments made by multilateral development banks.  22 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 731-753 (2010).

Taylor, Porcher L., III and Harris L. Kay.  A green board as a climate-change imperative:  appointing a climate-change expert to the audit committee.  18 U. Balt. J. Envtl. L. 215-261 (2011).

Muller-Harris, Debra L.  Comment.  Animal violence court:  a therapeutic jurisprudence-based problem-solving court for the adjudication of animal cruelty cases involving juvenile offenders and animal hoarders.  17 Animal L. 313-336 (2011).

Milne, Janet E.  Earmarking for environmental damage:  from oil spills to climate change.  41 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10334-10347 (2011).

Stokes, Michael L.  Moving the lines:  the common law of utility relocation.  45 Val. U. L. Rev. 457-504 (2011).

Boyd, William and James Salzman.  The curious case of greening in carbon markets.  41 Envtl. L. 73-94 (2011).

Bork, Karrigan.  Note.  Listed species reintroductions on private land:  limiting landowner liability.  30 Stan. Envtl. L.J. 177-239 (2011).

Fitzgerald, Edward A.  Delisting wolves in the Northern Rocky Mountains:  Congress cries wolf.  41 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10840-10851 (2011).

Groban, Matthew.  Casenote.  Arizona Cattle Growers’ Association v. Salazar:  does the Endangered Species Act really give a hoot about the public interest it “claims” to protect?  (Arizona Cattle Growers’ Association v. Salazar, 606 F.3d 1160, 2010.)  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 259-283 (2011).

Kimbrell, Tristan.  Note.  Moving species and non-moving reserves:  conservation banking and the impact of global climate change.  22 Fordham Envtl. L. Rev. 119-157 (2010).

Newcomer, Ed, Marie Palladini and Leah Jones.  The Endangered Species Act v. The United States Department of Justice:  how the Department of Justice derailed criminal prosecutions under the Endangered Species Act.  17 Animal L. 251-271 (2011).

Totoiu, Jason.  Quantifying, monitoring, and tracking “take” under the Endangered Species Act:  the promise of a more informed approach to consultation.  41 Envtl. L. 165-200 (2011).

Salzman, James.  The Eleventh Annual Gilbert and Sara Kerlin Lecture.  What is the emperor wearing?  The secret lives of ecosystem services.  28 Pace Envtl. L. Rev. 591-613 (2011).

Werntz, Heidi.  Let’s make a deal:  negotiated rates for merchant transmission.  28 Pace Envtl. L. Rev. 421-479 (2011).

2011 Energy Symposium.  Articles by Jeffrey C. King, Andrew D. Sims, J. Zach Burt, John P. Baker, Rob Davis, Douglas R. Hafer, Daniel B. Mathis, Lilly Tade Van Maele, Rebecca Seidl and Kelly Shapiro; comment by Brian J. Smith.  18 Tex. Wesleyan L. Rev. 1-147 (2011).

Symposium:  The Renewable Energy Legislation Puzzle:  Putting the Pieces Together.  Introduction by Jay P. Kesan, articles by Neil D. Hamilton, Jim Rossi, Daniel A. Farber, David Zilberman, Gal Hochman, Deepak Rajagopal, Jay P. Kesan, Atsushi Ohyama, James M. Van Nostrand, Anne Marie Hirschberger, Jody M. Endres, Madhu Khanna, Xiaoguang Chen, Haixiao Huang, Hayri Önal, Kristina K. Anderson-Teixeira, Peter K. Snyder, Evan H. DeLucia, A. Bryan Endres, Elizabeth Burelson and Winslow Burleson.  2011 U. Ill. L. Rev. 333-694.

Czarnezki, Jason J.  Everyday environmentalism:  concerning consumption.  41 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10374-10379 (2011).

Pawa, Matthew F.  The very definition of folly:  saving the earth from environmentalists.  38 B.C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev. 77-93 (2011).

Centner, Terence J.  Challenging NPDES permits granted without public participation.  38 B.C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev. 1-40 (2011).

Carter, Majora, et al.  Whose survival?  Environmental justice as a civil rights issue.  13 N.Y. City L. Rev. 257-290 (2010).

Aagaard, Todd S.  Environmental harms, use conflicts, and neutral baselines in environmental law.  60 Duke L.J. 1505-1564 (2011).

Marsden, Simon.  Invoking direct application and effect of international treaties by the European Court of Justice:  implications for international environmental law in the European Union.  60 Int’l & Comp. L.Q. 737-757 (2011).

McMahon, Joe A and Stephanie Switzer.  EU biofuels policy—raising the question of WTO compatibility.  60 Int’l & Comp. L.Q. 713-736 (2011).

van Zeben, Josephine A.W.  The untapped potential of horizontal private enforcement within European environmental law.  22 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 241-269 (2010).

Babich, Adam.  Can preemption protect public participation?  61 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 1109-1152 (2011).

Kutil, Sarah M.  Comment.  Scientific certainty thresholds in fisheries management:  a response to a changing climate.  41 Envtl. L. 233-275 (2011).

Merrill, James William.  Comment.  Trawling for meaning:  a new standard for “best scientific information available” in the Magnuson-Stevens Fisheries Conservation Act.  60 Cath. U. L. Rev. 475-503 (2011).

Rieser, Alison.  Saving Salmo:  federalism and the conservation of Maine’s Atlantic salmon.  16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 135-179 (2010).

Kammer, Sean M.  The railroads must have ties:  a legal history of forest conservation and the Oregon and California Railroad land grant, 1887-1916.  [Includes photographs.]  23 W. Legal Hist. 1-20 (2010).

DeBona, Michael.  Comment.  Letting a hundred transgenic flowers blossom:  the future of genetically modified agriculture in the People’s Republic of China.  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 89-115 (2011).

Grainey, Michael W.  Global warming and its impact on water supply.  The energy implications of climate change and the effects of our energy choices.  47 Willamette L. Rev. 593-626 (2011).

Johnson-Karp, Gabe.  Comment.  That the waters shall be forever free:  navigating Wisconsin’s obligations under the public trust doctrine and the Great Lakes Compact.  94 Marq. L. Rev. 415-449 (2010).

Baker-Branstetter, Shannon.  Distributed renewable generation:  the trifecta of energy solutions to curb carbon emissions, reduce pollutants, and empower ratepayers.  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 1-29 (2011).

Braun, Kirsten.  Note.  Carbon storage:  discerning resource biases that influence treaty negotiations.  22 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 649-706 (2010).

Brubaker, Morgan.  Comment.  Dream of Californication:  constitutional questions put the breaks on the nation’s first low carbon fuel standard.  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 57-88 (2011).

Cooley, David M. and Jonas J. Monast.  Carbon offsets and environmental impacts:  NEPA, the Endangered Species Act, and federal climate policy.  28 Pace Envtl. L. Rev. 377-420 (2011).

Endres, A. Bryan.  Geologic carbon sequestration:  balancing efficiency concerns and public interest in property rights allocations.  2011 U. Ill. L. Rev. 623-650.

Prum, Darren A. and Sarah L. Catz.  Greenhouse gas emission targets and mass transit:  can the government successfully accomplish both without a conflict?  51 Santa Clara L. Rev. 935-987 (2011).

Reitze, Arnold W., Jr.  Federal control of carbon capture and storage.  41 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10796-10824 (2011).

Segal, Scott H.  New source performance standards for global greenhouse gas emissions from the power and refining sectors:  wrong mechanism at the wrong time.  41 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10312-10315 (2011).

Takacs, David.  Forest carbon offsets and international law:  a deep equity legal analysis.  22 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 521-574 (2010).

Verheul, John.  Student article.  Methane as a greenhouse gas:  why the EPA should regulate emissions from animal feeding operations and concentrated animal feeding operations under the Clean Air Act.  51 Nat. Resources J. 163-187 (2011).

Miller, Steven R.  Historic signs, commercial speech, and the limits of preservation.  25 J. Land Use & Envtl. L. 227-263 (2010).

Neil, Jeremy.  Comment.  Shifting through the wreckage:  an analysis and proposed resolution concerning the disposition of historic shipwrecks located in international waters.  55 N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 895-921 (2010/11).

DeWitte, Claire.  Comment.  At the water’s edge:  legal protections and funding for a new generation of climate change refugees.  16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 211-238 (2010).

Doran, Amanda A.  Comment.  Where should the Haitians go?  Why “environmental refugees”  are up the creek without a paddle.  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 117-140 (2011).

Davis, Wesley.  Comment.  Lessons learned from the flood insurance re-mapping controversy in Portland, Maine.  16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 181-209 (2010).

Long, Andrew.  Global climate governance to enhance biodiversity and well-being:  integrating non-state networks and public international law in tropical forests.  41 Envtl. L. 95-164 (2011).

Ferrey, Steven.  Cubing the Kyoto Protocol:  post-Copenhagen regulatory reforms to reset the global thermostat.  28 UCLA J. Envtl. L. & Pol’y 343-386 (2010).

Czarnezki, Jason J.  The future of food eco-labeling:  organic, carbon footprint, and environmental life-cycle analysis.  30 Stan. Envtl. L.J. 3-49 (2011).

Ditta, Frank David.  Note.  Leading the way in unconstitutional delegations of legislative power:  statutory incorporation of the LEED rating system.  39 Hofstra L. Rev. 369-404 (2010).

Liu, Chenglin.  Is “USDA ORGANIC” a seal of deceit?:  the pitfalls of USDA certified organics produced in the United States, China, and beyond.  47 Stan. J. Int’l L. 333-378 (2011).

Daloz, Todd W.  Farm preservation:  a Vermont land-use perspective.  12 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 427-453 (2011).

Rog, Morgan E.  Note.  Highway to the danger zone:  urban sprawl, land use, and the environment.  22 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 707-729 (2010).

Rumley, Rusty.  A comparison of the general provisions found in right-to-farm statutes.  12 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 327-351 (2011).

Stahl, Kenneth A.  The artifice of local growth politics:  at-large elections, ballot-box zoning, and judicial review.  94 Marq. L. Rev. 1-75 (2010).

Larkin, John E.D.  UNCLOS and the balance of environmental and economic resources in the Arctic.  22 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 307-336 (2010).

Pavliha, Marko and Norman A. Martínez Gutiérrez.  Marine scientific research and the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.  16 Ocean & Coastal L.J. 115-133 (2010).

Baker, John P.  Procedural issues in eminent domain.  18 Tex. Wesleyan L. Rev. 29-38 (2011).

Guarino, Katherine A.  Note.  The power of one:  citizen suits in the fight against global warming.  38 B.C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev. 125-158 (2011).

Steiner, Julie E.  Should “substitute” private attorneys general enforce public environmental actions?  Balancing the costs and benefits of the contingency fee environmental special counsel arrangement.  51 Santa Clara L. Rev. 853-883 (2011).

Lamirande, Heidi R.  Note.  From sea to carbon cesspool:  preventing the world’s marine ecosystems from falling victim to ocean acidification.  34 Suffolk Transnat’l L. Rev. 183-217 (2011).

Walker, Paula.  Oceans in the balance:  as the sharks go, so go we.  17 Animal L. 97-170 (2010).

Weber, Katherine.  Can you eat your fish & save it too?  Improving the protection of pirated marine species through international trade measures.  25 J. Land Use & Envtl. L. 265-304 (2010).

Karim, Md. Saiful.  Environmental pollution from the shipbreaking industry:  international law and national legal response.  22 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 185-240 (2010).

Gallagher, William.  EHB review.  Emerald Coal Resources, L.P. v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Protection:  letter of law trumps miner safety.  (Emerald Coal Resources, L.P. v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Protection, No. 2009-023-L, 2010 WL 944146, 2010.)  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 357-379 (2011).

Dreveskracht, Ryan David.  Native Nation economic development via the implementation of solar projects:  how to make it work.  68 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 27-112 (2011).

Prieksat, Matthew J.  Note.  Preventing a pipeline to nowhere:  the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act as a model for resolving the unsettled land claims of the First Nations of Canada.  19 Transnat’l L. & Contemp. Probs. 977-1007 (2011).

Kennedy, Michelle L.  The exercise of local control over gas extraction.  22 Fordham Envtl. L. Rev. 375-392 (2011).

‘Shale’ We Drill?  The Legal and Environmental Impacts of Extracting Natural Gas from Marcellus Shale:  Villanova Environmental Law Journal Symposium.  Todd Aagaard, emcee; Andrew C. Mergen, moderator; John Baillie, Phillip Bender, Thomas W. Beauduy, Terry Engelder, Scott Perry, John W. Ubinger, Jr. and Hannah Wiseman, participants.  22 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 189-224 (2011).

Smith Brian J.  Comment.  Fracing the environment?:  an examination of the effects and regulation of hydraulic fracturing.  18 Tex. Wesleyan L. Rev. 129-147 (2011).

Schramm, Daniel and Akiva Fishman.  Legal frameworks for adaptive natural resource management in a changing climate.  22 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 491-520 (2010).

Langridge, Ruth.  When do challengers succeed?  Nongovernmental actors, administrative agencies, and legal change:  shifting rules for Oregon’s private forests.  36 Law & Soc. Inquiry 662-693 (2011).

Dreveskracht, Ryan David.  Native Nation economic development via the implementation of solar projects:  how to make it work.  68 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 27-112 (2011).

Kenny, Tom.  Note.  Where to put it all?  Opening the judicial road for a long-term solution to the nation’s nuclear waste problem.  86 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1319-1348 (2011).

Wood, John.  Comment.  Easier said than done:  displacing public nuisance when states sue for climate change damages.  41 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10316-10325 (2011).

Richardson, Jennifer A.C.  Note.  Protecting surface land by internalizing the cost of oil and gas development:  Wyoming’s Surface Owner Association Act strikes a more sustainable balance.  38 Hastings Const. L.Q. 697-719 (2011).

Osofsky, Hari M.  Multidimensional governance and the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill.  63 Fla. L. Rev. 1077-1137 (2011).

Fitzsimmons, Shauna.  Comment.  A life beyond the lease:  the pooling power survives the termination of the oil and gas lease in Texas.  (Wagner & Brown v. Sheppard, 282 S.W.3d 419, 2008.)  43 Tex. Tech. L. Rev. 719-754 (2011).

Aarons, Kyle J.  Note.  The real world roadless rules challenges.  109 Mich. L. Rev. 1293-1325 (2011).

Wrabley, Raymond B., Jr.  Showdown at Catron:  cows, wolves, and the ecology of public lands policies.  51 Nat. Resources J. 119-161 (2011).

Somers, Michael.  Note.  RCRA’s new causation question:  linking ubiquitous wastes to specific defendants.  38 B.C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev. 193-217 (2011).

Stedeford, Todd and Marek Banasik.  International chemical control laws and the future of regulatory testing for risk assessment.  22 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 619-647 (2010).

Annand, John R.  Note.  A coordinated approach to growth control in Northern Virginia.  52 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1679-1716 (2011).

Toma, Byron K.  The error of streamlining CEQA for transit priority projects:  why California transit agencies may share the same future as polar bears.  18 U. Balt. J. Envtl. L. 171-213 (2011).

Bernier, Michael V.  Note.  When the legislature robs Peter to pay Paul:  pretextual takings and ...  (Goldstein v. Pataki, 516 F.3d 50, 2008.)  30 Miss. C.L. Rev. 87-120 (2011).

Eminent Domain in the United States:  Public Use, Just Compensation, & “The Social Compact.”  Foreword by Robert S. Barrows; introduction by Ilya Somin; articles by Gideon Kanner, Norman Siegel, Steven Hyman, Philip van Buren, Steven J. Eagle, Michael Rikon, David Schultz, Amy Lavine, Christopher Dunn, Robert McNamara and M. Robert Goldstein.  4 Alb. Gov’t L. Rev. 1-324 (2011).

Gieseler, Nicholas M. and Steven Geoffrey Gieseler.  Strict scrutiny and eminent domain after Kelo.  25 J. Land Use & Envtl. L. 191-226 (2010).

Nelson, Ricky J.  Comment.  Inverse condemnation actions present unique problems when determining “just compensation.”  2010 BYU L. Rev. 2315-2344.

Richardson, Sally Brown.  Nonuse and easements:  creating a pliability regime of private eminent domain.  78 Tenn. L. Rev. 1-45 (2010).

Peloso, Margaret E. and Margaret R. Caldwell.  Dynamic property rights:  the public trust doctrine and takings in a changing climate.  30 Stan. Envtl. L.J. 51-120 (2011).

Kysar, Douglas A.  What climate change can do about tort law.  41 Envtl. L. 1-71 (2011).

Kvinge, John.  Note.  Morally hazardous chemical regulations:  why effective reform of the TSCA requires reduction of the toxic data gap.  12 Minn. J. L. Sci. & Tech. 313-334 (2011).

Morgan, Toby K.L.  Note.  Down the drain:  pharmaceutical waste disposal in the United States.  22 Fordham Envtl. L. Rev. 393-431 (2011).

Dornbos, Jeffrey S.  All (water) politics is local:  a proposal for resolving transboundary water disputes.  22 Fordham Envtl. L. Rev. 1-41 (2010).

Lewyn, Michael.  What would Coase do?  (About parking regulation).  22 Fordham Envtl. L. Rev. 89-118 (2010).

Irland, Lloyd C.  “The big trees were kings”:  challenges for global response to climate change and tropical forest loss.  28 UCLA J. Envtl. L. & Pol’y 387-434 (2010).

Harris, Douglas C.  Condominium and the city:  the rise of property in Vancouver.  36 Law & Soc. Inquiry 694-726 (2011).

Seher, Ryan.  Comment.  I want to ride my bicycle:  why and how cities plan for bicycle infrastructure.  59 Buff. L. Rev. 585-619 (2011).

Beagles, Mallory A.  Comment.  Hydrating the Lone Star State for years to come:  a call to implement instream flow protections.  43 Tex. Tech. L. Rev. 687-717 (2011).

Behnampour, Leila C.  Comment.  Reforming a western institution:  how expanding the productivity of water rights could lesson our woes.  41 Envtl. L. 201-231 (2011).

Bretsen, Stephen N.  Rainwater harvesting under Colorado’s prior appropriation doctrine:  property rights and takings.  22 Fordham Envtl. L. Rev. 159-230 (2011).

Cloran, William F.  The ownership of water in Oregon:  public property vs. private commodity.  47 Willamette L. Rev. 627-672 (2011).

Hesser, Justin Newell.  Comment.  The nature of interstate groundwater resources and the need for states to effectively manage the resource through interstate compacts.  11 Wyoming L. Rev. 25-46 (2011).

McGraw, George S.  Defining and defending the right to water and its minimum core:  legal construction and the role of national jurisprudence.  8 Loy. U. Chi. Int’l L. Rev. 127-204 (2011).

Skaggs, Rhonda, et al.  The convergence of water rights, structural change, technology, and hydrology:  a case study of New Mexico’s lower Rio Grande.  51 Nat. Resources J. 95-117 (2011).

Hoffer, Mark D.  The New York City Watershed Memorandum of Agreement:  forging a partnership to protect water quality.  18 U. Balt. J. Envtl. L. 113-170 (2011).

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